A tikma necklace




Nepal, Kathmandu


Late 19th or early 20th century


Forging, repoussé, embossing, piercing


Gold, brass, glass, velvet


Diameter 265 mm

The gold necklace consists of eleven trapezoid plaques and two triangular-shaped plaques that are sewn on a crescent-shaped soft collar covered with red velvet. Each plaque is decorated with a moon symbol, a double flower, foliage and beaded borders in repoussé. The necklace is embellished with a row of drop-shaped green-colored glass beads fixed with wires and sewn to the collar. The triangular-shaped ends of the necklace are connected by a hook and a loop made of brass wire.

COMMENT. Tikma is a type of Nepalese ceremonial women's necklace. The broad fabric collar is decorated with a number of gold or gilt copper plaques on the upper side and a single row of suspended glass beads on the periphery. The fabric is usually red, and the most common ornamental motifs are flowers or peacocks. Newar women use tikma necklaces during various life-cycle rituals, including the traditional ihi (ehee) ceremony, when prepubescent girls are symbolically married to god Vishnu.