COMMENT. Pekaka (or hulu pekaka) is the name for kris hilts designed as a grotesque figure of a bird or bird-like creature with a large head and a long beak, which can be either straight or curved upward. The word pěkaka (or pěkakak) means "kingfisher" in the Malay. Birds of the family of kingfishers (Alcedinidae) living in Southeast Asia may indeed have been the prototypes for such hilts, since they all have long beaks. This hilt represents the most common variation of the pekaka style called tajong, which is characteristic of some areas of the East Coast of the Malay Peninsula, especially Pattani (South Thailand), Kelantan and Terengganu (West Malaysia), as well as the Riau archipelago (Indonesia), Jambi (the southeastern part of Sumatra Island, Indonesia), Sarawak (the northwestern part of Kalimantan Island, Malaysia) and Brunei (the northern part of Kalimantan Island). Unlike the coteng (or cho-teng) variation typical of Songkhla province in Southern Thailand, such hilts have a shorter beak.
A pekaka style kris hilt