A Hungarian-Polish sabre






Late 18th or early 19th century


Forging, casting, etching, gem-setting


Steel, brass, carnelian, wood, leather


Overall length 935 mm; blade length 775 mm

The curved single-edged blade is made of plain steel with a yelman. Along the entire length of the blade on both sides, there are etched lists of Roman and Germanic emperors with brief descriptions of their deeds. The hilt consists of a curved wooden grip and a cruciform brass guard. The grip is covered with pebbled leather and intercepted by two brass strips set with carnelian cabochons on both sides. The pommel is an oval brass cap set with a large carnelian cabochon. The narrow brass strap is laid along the grip spine. The faceted guard has long quillons with small spherical ends. No scabbard.

COMMENT. The presented item is a well-preserved Hungarian-Polish sabre, which was most likely made in Poland in the second half of the 18th or early 19th century. The blade maybe have an earlier origin. The richness of the decoration of a Polish or Hungarian sabre has always directly depended on the wealth of the owner. The presented example evidently belonged a not too wealthy nobleman or officer. The sabre could also be used by an Austrian officer, although the hilt of the Austrian cavalry sabre in the indicated period was already quite clearly regulated and differed from the hilt of this example. The sabre blade is especially interesting as it is replete with historical text. Such blades are quite rare. The historical and cultural value of the presented sabre is determined primarily by its good preservation and the rarity of the blade.