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A tegha sabre

Number

3264

Origin

India (probably Deccan)

Time

18th century

Technique

Forging, casting, piercing, inlaying

Material

Steel, silver, wood, velvet

Dimensions

Overall length (without scabbard) 760 mm; blade length 632 mm; scabbard length 680 mm

The strongly curved, single-edged blade is made of watered steel with a ricasso, a yelman, and two broad fullers on each side. The delhishahi type hilt is made of plain steel and inlaid with silver dots design. The wooden scabbard is covered with dark blue velvet, which has partly worn and faded. The pierced chape is made of silver.

COMMENT. Tegha is the common name for Indian heavy sabres with a massive curved blade and mainly Indo-Muslim hilt. They were widely used by Muslims, Rajputs and Marathas not only as fighting weapons, but also as execution tools. Although the tegha was a single-handed sabre, it sometimes reached a very impressive proportions and weight. Only physically strong and hardy warriors could use such weapons in battle.

LITERATURE: Сиваченко Е. Сталь и Золото: Восточное оружие из собрания Feldman Family Museum = Steel and Gold: Eastern Weapons from the Feldman Family Museum Collection. – Киев, 2019. – С. 356-357, №135.