COMMENT. Ganesha is the god of wisdom, prosperity and abundance in Hinduism, the son of Shiva and Parvati, one of the most famous and revered deities of the Hindu pantheon throughout the world. He is portrayed as a corpulent man with an elephant's head and one tusk, who sits on a lotus or on a rat (mouse), his vehicle. The number of hands of Ganesha varies from two to thirty-two, depending on the appearance. Legends tell that Ganesha was born with a normal human head, but later lost it for various reasons. Vishnu sewed to his son the head of a baby elephant, the first living creature that came across. According to one version, the wife of Ganesha was Sarasvati, the goddess of culture and arts, or Lakshmi, the goddess of luck and prosperity. According to another version, Ganesha is associated with such ideas as Buddhi (intellect), Siddhi (success) and Riddhi (prosperity). Sometimes these ideas were personified in the deities of the same name that were recognized by the wives of Ganesha.
Late 19th or early 20th century